Recovering the Material and Visual Cultures of the Southern Sudan: A Museological Resource


Compiled by Jeremy Coote, Chris Morton, and Rachael Sparks (with the assistance of Alex Nadin); last revised 30 November 2006.

NB This bibliography lists only the publications referred to in the website, including the works referred to in the detailed catalogue entries. It is not intended as a comprehensive bibliography of the literature relevant to the study of the material and visual cultures of Southern Sudan, for which a variety of resources exist elsewhere. For example, for a recently published general bibliography, see: Southern Sudan: An Annotated Bibliography, by Terje Tvedt (London: I. B. Tauris, 2004).

Allingham, Emily Grace (compiler) 1924. A Romance of the Rostrum: Being the Business Life of Henry Stevens and the History of Thirty-Eight King Street, Together with Some Account of Famous Sales Held There During the Last Hundred Years, London: H. F. and G. Witherby.

Ankermann, Bernhard 1983 [1901]. Die afrikanischen Musikinstrumente (Ethnologisches notizblatt, Vol. 3, no. 1), Leipzig: Zentralantiquariat der Deutschen Demokratischen Republik.

Arkell, A. J. 1935. ‘Some Tuareg Ornaments and their Connection with India’, Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute, Vol. 65 (1935), pp. 297–306 (with plates xvii–xx).

Arkell, A. J. 1936. ‘Cambay and the Bead Trade’, Antiquity, Vol. 10 (no. 39), pp. 292–305.

Arkell, A. J. 1936. ‘Kohl Pins’, Sudan Notes and Records, Vol. 19, no. 1, pp. 150–51 (with plates vii–viii).

Arkell, A. J. 1938. ‘Stools, Spears, Forked Iron Rods, Tridents and Bow-Stands’, Man, Vol. 38 (February), article 29, pp. 30–31.

Austin, Herbert Henry 1902. Among Swamps and Giants in Equatorial Africa: An Account of Surveys and Adventures in the Southern Sudan and British East Africa, London: C. Arthur Pearson Limited.

Ayoker, Kunijwok Gwado no date. Reflections on Cultural Artifacts and History: The Case of a Shilluk Pipe, unpublished typescript.

Baker, Samuel White 1866. The Albert N’Yanza, Great Basin of the Nile, and Explorations of the Nile Sources (2 vols), London: Macmillan and Co.

Barley, Nigel 1994. Smashing Pots: Feats of Clay from Africa, London: British Museum Press (for the Trustees of the British Museum).

Baxter, Paul Trevor William, and Audrey Butt 1953. The Azande and Related Peoples of the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan and Belgian Congo (Ethnographic Survey of Africa, East Central Africa, part 9), London: International African Institute.

Beaton, A. C. 1950. ‘Record of the Toposa Tribe’, Sudan Notes and Records, Vol. 31, no. 1 (June), pp. 129–132.

Beltrame, Giovanni 1880. Grammatica e Vocabolario della Lingua Dinka (Memoria della Sociéta Geografica Italiana, Vol. 3), Rome: Stabilimento Guiseppe Civelli.

Bernatzik, Hugo Adolf 1929. Zwischen Weissem Nil und Belgisch-Kongo, Vienna: L. W. Seidel & Sohn.

Biebuyck, Daniel P., Susan Kelliher, and Linda McRae 1996. African Ethnonyms: Index to Art-Producing Peoples of Africa, New York: G. K. Hall & Co.

Blackman, Alan A. 1956. The Material Culture of the Nilotic Tribes of East Africa, University of Oxford: B.Litt. thesis.

Boccassino, Renato 1960. ‘Contributo allo studio dell’ergologia delle popolazioni Nilotiche e Nilo-Camitiche, Parte Prime: le armi’, Annali Lateranensi, Vol. 24, pp. 376–433.

Boccasino, Renato 1964. ‘Contributo allo studio dell’ergologia delle popolazioni nilotiche e nilo-camitche, parte quarta: Il vestito, il tatuaggio, le deformazioni del corpo, gli ornamenti e la circoncisione’, Annali Lateranensi, Vol. 28 (1964), pp. 113–50.

Brock, R. G. C. 1918. ‘Some Notes on the Zande Tribe as Found in the Meridi District (Bahr el Ghazal Province)’, Sudan Notes and Records, Vol. 1, no. 4 (October), pp. 249–62.

Bruguière, Philippe, and Jan-Lodewijk Grootaers 1999. ‘Notes on the Exhibits’, in Song of the River: Harps of Central Africa, Paris: Citi de la Musique, pp. 311–72.

Bullock, Edward 1862. Catalogue of the Very Interesting Collection of Arms and Implements of War, Husbandry, and the Chase, and Articles of Costume & Domestic Use, Procured during Several Expeditions up the White Nile, Bahr-il-Gazal, and among the Various Tribes of the Country, to the Cannibal Neam Nam territory on the Equator, by John Petherick, Esq., H. M. Consul, Khartoum, Soudan: Which will be Sold by Auction by Mr Bullock, at His Great Rooms, 211, High Holborn, W.C. on Friday June 27th, 1862, at Twelve for One o’Clock, London: Edward Bullock.

Burr, Rachel, and Heather Montgomery 2003. ‘Family, Kinship and Beyond’, in Janet Maybin and Martin Woodhead (eds), Childhoods in Context (Childhood, 2), Chichester: John Wiley and Sons (in association with the Open University), pp. 39–80.

Burton, John W. 1992. An Introduction to Evans-Pritchard (Studia Instituti Anthropos, Vol. 45), Fribourg: Fribourg University Press.

Buxton, Jean 1963. ‘Girls’ Courting Huts in Western Mandari’, Man, Vol. 63 (April), article 56, pp. 49–51.

Buxton, Jean 1963. Chiefs and Strangers: A Study of Political Assimilation among the Mandari, Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Buxton, Jean 1968. ‘Animal Identity and Human Peril: Some Mandari Images’, Man, new series, Vol. 3, no. 1 (March), pp. 35–49.

Buxton, Jean 1973. Religion and Healing in Mandari, Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Carey, Margret 1986. Beads and Beadwork of East and South Africa (Shire Ethnography, 3), Aylesbury: Shire Publications.

Castelli, Enrico (ed.) 1984. Orazio Antinori in Africa Centrale, 1859–1861: Materiali e Documenti Inediti, Perugia: Ministero Beni Culturali e Ambientali / Soprintendenza Archeologica dell’Umbria.

Castelli, Enrico 1987. ‘Bari Statuary: The Influence Exerted by European Traders on the Traditional Production of Figured Objects’, Res, no. 14, pp. 86–106.

Collins, Robert, and Richard Herzog 1961. ‘Early British Administration in the Southern Sudan’, Journal of African History, Vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 119–35.

Coote, Jeremy 1992. ‘“Marvels of Everyday Vision”: The Anthropology of Aesthetics and the Cattle-Keeping Nilotes’, in Jeremy Coote and Anthony Shelton (eds), Anthropology, Art, and Aesthetics (Oxford Studies in the Anthropology of Cultural Forms), Oxford: Clarendon Press, pp. 245–73. [Reprinted in Howard Morphy and Morgan Perkins (eds), The Anthropology of Art: A Reader (Blackwell Anthologies in Social and Cultural Anthropology), Malden, Mass.: Blackwell Publishing, pp. 281–301.]

Coote, Jeremy 1997. ‘Art: Eastern Africa’, in Volume 1 of John Middleton (ed.), Encyclopedia of Africa South of the Sahara, New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, pp. 120–32.

Cumming, Duncan 1987. The Gentleman Savage: The Life of Mansfield Parkyns, 1823–1894, London: Century.

Cummins, S. L. 1904. ‘Sub-Tribes of the Bahr-el-Ghazal Dinkas’, Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute, Vol. 34, pp. 149–66.

Dampierre, Eric de 1991. Harpes Zande, Paris: Klinksieck.

Domville-Fife, Charles W. 1927. Savage Life in the Black Sudan: An account of an Adventurous Journey of Exploration amongst Wild & Little-Known Tribes Inhabiting Swamps, Dense Forests, Mountains-Tops & Arid Deserts Hitherto almost Unknown, with a Description of their Manner of Living, Secret Societies & Mysterious and Barbaric Rites, London: Seeley, Service & Co. Limited.

Driberg, J. H. 1923. The Lango: A Nilotic Tribe of Uganda, London: T. Fisher Unwin.

Edwards, Elizabeth 2004. ‘Shifting Relationships: Writing Photography in Anthropology’, Source: The Photographic Review, no. 38 (Spring), pp. 34–7.

Elisofon, Eliot, and William Fagg 1958. The Sculpture of Africa, London: Thames & Hudson.

Engel, Carl 1874. A Descriptive Catalogue of the Musical Instruments in the South Kensington Museum (2nd edn), London: George E. Eyre and William Spottiswoode.

Evans-Pritchard, Edward Evan 1927. ‘A Preliminary Account of the Ingassana Tribe in Fung Province’, Sudan Notes and Records, Vol. 10, pp. 69–83.

Evans-Pritchard, Edward Evan 1928. ‘Oracle-Magic of the Azande’, Sudan Notes and Records, Vol. 11, pp. 1–53.

Evans-Pritchard, Edward Evan 1928. ‘Avokaiya Fishing’, Man, Vol. 28 (March) article 27, pp. 37–8 (with plate C opposite p. 37) .

Evans-Pritchard, Edward Evan 1928. ‘The Dance’, Africa, Vol. 1, no. 4 (October), pp. 446–62.

Evans-Pritchard, Edward Evan 1929. ‘Witchcraft (Mangu) amongst the A-zande’, Sudan Notes and Records, Vol. 11, no. 2, pp. 163–249.

Evans-Pritchard, Edward Evan 1929. ‘The Bongo’, Sudan Notes and Records, Vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 1–61.

Evans-Pritchard, Edward Evan 1931. ‘The Mberidi (Shilluk Group) and Mbegumba (Basiri Group) of the Bahr-el-Ghazal’, Sudan Notes and Records, Vol. 14, no. 1, pp. 15–48 (with map opposite p. 15).

Evans-Pritchard, Edward Evan 1932. ‘Ethnological Observations in Dar Fung’, Sudan Notes and Records, Vol. 15, no. 1, pp. 1–61.

Evans-Pritchard, Edward Evan 1932. ‘The Mberidi and Mbegumba’, Sudan Notes and Records, Vol. 15, no. 2, pp. 273–4.

Evans-Pritchard, Edward Evan 1932. ‘The Zande Corporation of Witchdoctors [Part 1]’, Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute, Vol. 62, no. 1 (July–December), pp. 291–336 (with plates xxix–xxxi following p. 336).

Evans-Pritchard, Edward Evan 1933. ‘The Zande Corporation of Witchdoctors [Part 2]’, Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute, Vol. 63, no. 1 (January–July), pp. 63–100 (with plate xiv following p. 100).

Evans-Pritchard, Edward Evan 1933. ‘The Nuer: Tribe and Clan [Sections I–IV]’, Sudan Notes and Records, Vol. 16, no. 1, pp. 1–53.

Evans-Pritchard, Edward Evan 1934. ‘The Nuer: Tribe and Clan [Sections IV–VII]’, Sudan Notes and Records, Vol. 17, no. 1, pp. 1–57.

Evans-Pritchard, Edward Evan 1935. ‘The Nuer: Tribe and Clan [Sections VII–IX]’, Sudan Notes and Records, Vol. 18, no. 1, pp. 37–87.

Evans-Pritchard, Edward Evan 1935. ‘Megalithic Grave-Monuments in the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan and other Parts of East Africa’, Antiquity, Vol. 9 (no. 34; June), pp. 151–160.

Evans-Pritchard, Edward Evan 1937. ‘The Non-Dinka Peoples of the Amadi and Rumbek Districts’, Sudan Notes and Records, Vol. 20, no. 1, pp. 156–8.

Evans-Pritchard, Edward Evan 1937. Witchcraft, Oracles and Magic among the Azande, Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Evans-Pritchard, Edward Evan 1937. ‘Economic Life of the Nuer: Cattle [Part 1]’, Sudan Notes and Records, Vol. 20, no. 2, pp. 209–45.

Evans-Pritchard, Edward Evan 1938. ‘Economic Life of the Nuer: Cattle [Part 2]’, Sudan Notes and Records, Vol. 21, no. 1, pp. 31–77.

Evans-Pritchard, Edward Evan 1938. ‘A Note on Rain-Makers among the Moro’, Man, Vol. 37 (April), article 49, pp. 53–6.

Evans-Pritchard, Edward Evan 1940. The Nuer: A Description of the Modes of Livelihood and Political Institutions of a Nilotic People, Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Evans-Pritchard, Edward Evan 1940. The Political System of the Anuak of the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan (Monographs on Social Anthropology, no. 4), London: Percy Lund, Humphries & Co. Ltd (for the London School of Economics and Political Science) .

Evans-Pritchard, Edward Evan 1945. Some Aspects of Marriage and the Family among the Nuer (Rhodes–Livingstone Papers, no. 11), Livingstone: The Rhodes–Livingstone Institute.

Evans-Pritchard, Edward Evan 1947. ‘Artificial Deformation of Ox-Horns in Southern Sudan [letter]’, Man, Vol. 47 (February), article 39, p. 36.

Evans-Pritchard, Edward Evan 1951. Kinship and Marriage among the Nuer, Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Evans-Pritchard, Edward Evan 1956. Nuer Religion, London: Oxford University Press.

Evans-Pritchard, Edward Evan 1963. ‘A Further Contribution to the Study of Zande Culture’, Africa, Vol. 33, no. 3 (July), pp. 183–97.

Evans-Pritchard, Edward Evan 1967. The Zande Trickster, Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Evans-Pritchard, Edward Evan 1971. The Azande: History and Political Institutions, Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Evans-Pritchard, Edward Evan 1973. ‘Some Recollections on Fieldwork in the Twenties’, Anthropological Quarterly, Vol. 46, no. 4, pp. 235–42.

Evans-Pritchard, Edward Evan 1973. ‘Some Reminiscences and Reflections on Fieldwork’, Journal of the Anthropological Society of Oxford, Vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 1–12.

Evans-Pritchard, Edward Evan 1974. Man and Woman among the Azande, London: Faber and Faber.

Fagg, William 1965. Tribes and Forms in African Art, London: Methuen.

Felix, Marc Leo 1991, Kipinga: Throwing-Blades of Central Africa / Kipinga: Wurfklingen aus Zentralafrika, Munich: Verlag F. Jahn.

Fischer, Werner, and Manfred A Zirngibl 1978. African Weapons: Knives, Daggers, Swords, Axes, Throwing Knives, Passau: Prinz Verlag.

Fisher, Angela 1984. Africa Adorned, London: Collins.

Gayer-Anderson, R. G. 1911. ‘Some Tribal Customs in Their Relation to Medicine and Morals of the Nyam-Nyam and Gour Peoples Inhabiting the Bahr-el-Ghazal’, in Fourth Report of the Wellcome Tropical Research Laboratories at the Gordon Memorial College, Khartoum (2 vols), London: Baillière, Tindall & Cox. (for the Department of Education, Sudan Government, Khartoum), pp. 239–77.

Haour, Anne, and Ruth Galpine 2005. ‘Culture and Technology in the Pottery of the Medieval Sahel: A Preliminary View from the Makarauci Valley, Niger’, Journal of African Archaeology, Vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 127–37.

Hayley, Thomas Theodore Steiger 1947. The Anatomy of Lango Religion and Groups, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Hill, Richard Leslie 1967. A Biographical Dictionary of the Sudan (2nd edn.), London: Cass.

Hofmayr, Wilhelm 1925. Die Schilluk: Geschichte, Religion und Leben eines Niloten-Stammes (Bibliothèque ethnologique-anthropos, Vol. 2, no. 5), St Gabriel, Mödling bei Wien: Administration des Anthropos.

Hollis, Alfred Claude 1905. The Masai: Their Language and Folklore, Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Hollis, Alfred Claude 1909. The Nandi: Their Language and Folklore, Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Howell, P. P. 1947. ‘On the Value of Iron among the Nuer’, Man, Vol. 47 (October), article 144, pp. 131–4.

Huntingford, George Wynn Brereton 1953. The Northern Nilo-Hamites (Ethnographic Survey of Africa, East Central Africa, part 6), London: International African Institute.

James, Wendy 2003. The Ceremonial Animal: A New Portrait of Anthropology, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Jessen, Burchart Heinrich 1905. ‘South-Western Abyssinia’, The Geographic Journal, Vol. 25, no. 2, pp. 158–71.

Jessen, Burchart Heinrich 1906. W. N. McMillan’s Expeditions and Big Game Hunting in the Sudan, Abyssinia & British East Africa, London: Marchant Singer & Co.

Johnson, Douglas H. 1982. ‘Evans-Pritchard, the Nuer and the Sudan Political Service’, African Affairs, Vol. 81 (April; no. 323), pp. 231–46.

Johnson, Douglas H. 1993. Governing the Nuer: Documents in Nuer History and Ethnography, 1922–1931 by Percy Coriat (JASO Occasional Papers, no. 9), Oxford: JASO.

Johnson, Douglas H. 1994. Nuer Prophets: A History of Prophecy from the Upper Nile in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries (Oxford Studies in Social and Cultural Anthropology), Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Kaiser, Tania 1999. Living in Limbo: Insecurity and the Settlement of Sudanese Refugees in Northern Uganda, University of Oxford: D.Phil. thesis.

Kaiser, Tania 2000. ‘Making Do and Making Beautiful: Recycling in an African Refugee Settlement’, in Jeremy Coote, Christopher Morton, and Julia Nicholson, Transformations: The Art of Recycling, Oxford: Pitt Rivers Museum, University of Oxford, pp. 44–7.

Kaiser, Tania 2000. UNHCR’s Withdrawal from Kiryandongo: Anatomy of a Handover (New Issues in Refugee Research, 32), Geneva: UNHCR.

Kaiser, Tania 2002. ‘UNHCR’s Withdrawal from Kiryandongo: Anatomy of a Handover’, Refugee Survey Quarterly, Vol. 21, nos 1/2, pp. 201–27.

Kaiser, Tania 2006. ‘Songs, Discos and Dancing in Kiryandongo, Uganda’, Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, Vol. 32, no. 2 (March), pp. 183–202.

King, Jonathan Christopher H. (ed.). 2000. Human Image, London: British Museum Press.

Kronenberg, Andreas 1961. ‘The Longarim Favorite Beast’, Kush, Vol. 9, pp. 258–77.

Krüger, K.-J. 2002. ‘The Arts of Bahr-el-Ghazal (Part 2)’, Tribal Arts, Vol. 28, pp. 80–95.

Kuklick, Henrika 1984. ‘Tribal Exemplars: Images of Political Authority in British Anthropology, 1885–1945’, in George W. Stocking, Jr. (ed), Functionalism Historicized: Essays on British Social Anthropology (History of Anthropology, Vol. 2), Madison, Wis.: University of Wisconsin Press, pp. 59–82.

Kurimoto, Eisei 2003. ‘Añwaa Ethnography’, in Vol. 1 of Siegbert Ulwig (ed.), Encyclopaedia Aethiopica, Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz Verlag, pp. 285–6.

Lane Fox [Pitt Rivers], Augustus Henry 1867. ‘Primitive Warfare Illustrated by Specimens from the Museum of the Institution’, Journal of the Royal United Services Institution, Vol. 11 (no. 47), pp. 612–45. [Lecture given on 28 June 1867 at a meeting of the Royal United Services Institution.]

Larken, P. M. 1926. ‘An Account of the Zande’, Sudan Notes and Records, Vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 1–55. [Continued as Larken 1927.]

Larken, P. M. 1927. ‘Impressions of the Azande’, Sudan Notes and Records, Vol. 10, pp. 86–134. [Continued from Larken 1926.]

Larken, P. M. no date [1955]. ‘Notes on the Azande of Tembura and Yambio, 1911–1932’, in T. A. T. Leitch (ed.), Zande Background, no place given [Nzara]: no publisher given [Equatoria Projects Board].

Lewis, Bazett A. 1972. The Murle: Red Chiefs and Black Commoners (Oxford Monographs on Social Anthropology), Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Lindblom, K. Gerhard 1927. Fighting-Bracelets and Kindred Weapons in Africa (Smärre Meddelanden, no. 4), Stockholm.

Lindblom, K. Gerhard 1928. The Spiked Wheel-Trap and its Distribution (Smärre Meddelanden, no. 5), Stockholm.

Liu, Robert K. 1977. ‘Talhakimt (talhatana), a Tuareg Ornament: Its Origins, Derivatives, Copies and Distribution’, The Bead Journal, Vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 18–22.

Liu, Robert K. 1995. Collectible Beads: A Universal Aesthetic, Vista, Calif.: Ornament.

Logan, M. H. 1918. ‘The Beirs’, Sudan Notes and Records, Vol. 1, pp. 238–48.

Lunnon, Jenny 2005. ‘People Watching (Jenny Lunnon Surveys a Century of People Watching)’, Oxford Today: The University Magazine, Vol. 18, no. 1, pp. 24–6.

MacGregor, Arthur, Melanie Mendonça, and Julia White 2000. Manuscript Catalogues of the Early Museum Collections, 1683–1886 (Part I) (British Archaeological Reports, International Series 907), Oxford: Archaeopress (in association with the Ashmolean Museum, Oxford) .

Mack, John 1982. ‘Material Culture and Ethnic Identity in Southeastern Sudan’, in John Mack and Peter Robertshaw (eds), Culture History in the Southern Sudan: Archaeology, Linguistics, Ethnohistory (The British Institute in Eastern Africa, Memoir no. 8), Nairobi: The British Institute in Eastern Africa, pp. 111–30.

MacKenzie, John. M. (ed.) 2001. The Victorian Vision: Inventing New Britain, London: V&A Publications.

MacMichael, Harold 1934. The Anglo-Egyptian Sudan, London: Faber & Faber.

Marno, Ernst 1879. Reise in der Egyptischen Aequatorial-Provinz und in Kordofan in den Jahren 1874–1876, Vienna: Alfred Hilder.

Meyrick, Samuel Rush 1824. A Critical Inquiry into Antient Armouré, London.

Morton, Christopher 2005. ‘The Anthropologist as Photographer: Reading the Monograph and Reading the Archive’, Visual Anthropology, Vol. 18, no. 4, pp. 389–405.

Murdock, George Peter 1959. Africa: Its Peoples and their Culture History, New York: Praeger.

Nalder, L. F. (ed.) 1937. A Tribal Survey of Mongalla Province by Members of the Province Staff and Church Missionary Society, London: Oxford University Press (for the International African Institute).

Nebel, Arthur 1979 [1954]. Dinka–English, English–Dinka Dictionary: Thong Muonyjang Jam Jang Kek Jiieng, Dinka Language Jang and Jieng Dialects (Museum Combonianum, 36), Bologna; Editrice Missionaria Italiana.

Oldman, William Ockelford 1976. Illustrated Catalogue of Ethnographical Specimens from the W. O. Oldman Catalogues (1903–1914) , no place [London]: no publisher given.

Petherick, John 1861. Egypt, the Soudan and Central Africa with Explorations from Khartoum on the White Nile to the Regions of the Equator Being Sketches from Sixteen Years’ Travel, Edinburgh and London: William Blackwood and Sons.

Petherick, John 1861. ‘On the Arms of the Arab and Negro Tribes of Central Africa, Bordering on the White Nile’, Journal of the Royal United Service Institution, Vol. IV (no. 13), pp. 170–7. [Lecture given at the meeting of the Royal United Services Institution on 7 May 1860.]

Petherick, John, and Katherine Harriet Edlman Petherick 1969. Travels in Central Africa and Explorations of the Western Nile Tributaries (2 vols), London: Tinsley Brothers.

Petrie, William Matthews Flinders 1892. Ten Years Digging in Egypt, 1881–1891, London: The Religious Tract Society.

Picard, Ruth, and John Picard 1995. ‘Prosser Beads: The French Connection’, Ornament, Vol. 19, no. 2, pp. 68–71.

Pitt Rivers, Augustus Henry Lane Fox, see Lane Fox.

Plaschke, Dieter, and Manfred A. Zirngibl 1992. Afrikanische Schilde: Graphische Kunstwerke aus dem Schwarzen Erdteil / African Shields: Graphic Art of the Black Continent, Munich: Panterra.

Powell-Cotton, Mrs 1934. ‘Village Handicrafts in the Sudan’, Man, Vol. 34, article 112, pp. 90–91. [Summary of a communication presented on 8 May 1934 to a meeting of the Royal Anthropological Institute.]

Powell-Cotton, P. H. G. 1907. ‘A Journey Through the Eastern Portion of the Congo Free State’, The Geographic Journal, Vol. 30, no. 4, pp. 371–84. [Paper read on 17 June 1907 at a meeting of the Royal Geographical Society.]

Reymes Cole, W. E. R. 1910. ‘African Rain-Making Chiefs, the Gondokoro District, White Nile, Uganda’, Man, Vol. 10, article 49, pp. 90–92.

Routledge, William Scoresby, and Katherine Routledge 1910. With a Prehistoric People: The Akikúyu of British East Africa—Being Some Account of the Method of Life and Mode of Thought Found Existent amongst a Nation on its First Contact with European Civilisation, London: Edward Arnold.

Ryle, John 1982. Warriors of the White Nile: The Dinka, Amsterdam: Time-Life Books.

Schildkrout, Enid, and Curtis A. Keim 1990. African Reflections: Art from Northeastern Zaire, New York: American Museum of Natural History / Washington, DC and London: University of Washington Press.

Schweinfurth, Georg August 1873. The Heart of Africa: Three Years’ Travels and Adventures in the Unexplored Regions of Central Africa from 1868 to 1871 (transl. Ellen E. Frewer), London: Hodder and Stoughton.

Schweinfurth, Georg August 1875. Artes Africanae: Illustrations and Descriptions of Productions of the Industrial Arts of Central African Tribes, Leipzig: F. A. Brockhaus / London: S. Low, Marston, Low, and Searle.

Seligman, Charles Gabriel 1917. ‘A Bongo Funerary Figure’, Man, Vol. 17 (June), article 67, pp. 97–8.

Seligman, Charles Gabriel, and Brenda Zara Seligman 1928. ‘The Bari’, Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute, Vol. 58, no. 2, pp. 409–79.

Seligman, Charles Gabriel, and Brenda Zara Seligman 1932. Pagan Tribes of the Nilotic Sudan, London: George Routledge & Sons, Ltd.

Sieber, Roy 1980. African Furniture and Household Objects, Bloomingon, Ind.: Indiana University Press.

Simonse, Simon 1992. Kings of Disaster: Dualism, Centralism, and the Scapegoat King in Southeastern Sudan (Studies in Human Society, Vol. 5), Leiden etc.: Brill Academic Publishers.

Somerset, Fitz R. R. 1918. ‘The Lotuko’, Sudan Notes and Records, Vol. 1, pp. 153–9.

Spring, Chirstopher 1993. African Arms and Armour, London: British Museum Press (for the Trustees of the British Museum) .

Titherington, G. 1927. ‘The Raik Dinka of Bahr El Ghazal Province’, Sudan Notes and Records, Vol. 10, pp. 159–209.

Trowell, Margaret, and Klaus P. Wachsmann 1953. Tribal Crafts of Uganda, London: Oxford University Press.

Trowell, Margaret 1960. African Design, London Faber & Faber.

Westermann, Diedrich 1912. The Shilluk People: Their Language and Folklore, Philadelphia: The Board of Foreign Missions of the United Presbyterian Church of North America Berlin: Dietrich Reimer (Ernst Vohsen) .

Westerdijk, Peter 1988. The African Throwing Knife: A Style Analysis / Het Afrikaanse werpmes: een stijlanalyse (met een samenvatting in het Nederlands) , Utrecht: P. Westerdijk.

Whitehead, G. O. 1940. ‘Mansfield Parkyns and His Projected History of the Sudan’, Sudan Notes and Records, Vol. 23, no. 1, pp. 131–8 (and plate opposite p. 131) .

Wilkinson Latham, Robert J. 1994. Discovering British Military Badges and Buttons (Discovering Series, no. 148), Princes Risborough: Shire.

Wolpert, Barbara 2000. ‘The Anthropologist as Photographer: The Visual Construction of Ethnographic Authority’, Visual Anthropology, Vol. 13, pp. 321–43.

Wood, Felicity, and The Oxfordshire Basketmakers 2001. Basketry in The Pitt Rivers Museum, Oxford: Pitt Rivers Museum, University of Oxford.

Wood, J. G. 1868. The Natural History of Man: Being an Account of the Manners and Customs of the Uncivilized Races of Men (2 vols), London: George Routledge & Sons.

Wyndham, Richard 1936. The Gentle Savage: A Sudanese Journey in the Province of Bahr el-Ghazal, Commonly Called ‘The Bog’, London: Cassell and Company, Ltd.

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