Zande vengeance symbol

Zande vengeance symbol
110 x 137 mm | Print gelatin silver
Date of Print:
1937 circa
Same Image As:

Accession Number:
Hanging from the branches on the tall tree to the right of a wide government track can be seen a piece of barkcloth, hung there as a public signal or symbol that the period of mourning for an individual who lived nearby has been completed, i.e. after vengeance is said to have been satisfied by the prince's benge oracle. The barkcloth belonged to the boy who observed taboos during the period of death vengeance.
Edward Evan Evans-Pritchard
Date of Photo:
1926 - 1930
[Southern Sudan] Western Equatoria Yambio
Publication History:
Contemporary Publication - Contemporary Publication - Reproduced as Plate XXXIVa (facing page 542) in E. E. Evans-Pritchard's Witchcraft, Oracles and Magic Among the Azande (OUP 1937), with the caption "A Government road. Barkcloth can just be seen hanging from the tallest tree to the right of the photograph. It has been hung there in sign of accomplished vengeance" [CM 7/9/2005]
PRM Source:
Oxford University Press
Donated 2003
Other Owners:
Oxford University Press
Religion , Death , Ritual Object
Sign , Track
Correspondence with OUP in Related Documents File
Primary Documentation:
Printer's ms pencil notes and crop marks on print reverse. [CM 7/9/2005]
Other Information:
This print is one of twenty-eight prints handed over, along with five negs and prints retained from publication in The Azande (1971), by Anne Ashby from OUP in December 2003. They all seem to have been made from Evans-Pritchard's negatives for publication in Witchcraft, Oracles and Magic among the Azande sometime prior to 1937, and have numerous printer's comments and crop marks on the backs. They have been accessioned separately since they were evidently printed by OUP before Evans-Pritchard's collection was donated in 1966, and since they make more sense catalogued together as a distinct collection. [CM 7/9/2005]
Christopher Morton 7/9/2005 [Southern Sudan Project]
Funded by Arts and Humanities Research Council
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