Bongo cemetery with carvings

Bongo cemetery with carvings
103 x 75 mm | Negative film nitrate
There are records relating to alternative images that we do not have scans for in the database:
1998.343.16.2 - Print gelatin silver , (103 x 75 mm)
Silver sulphide staining/fading [EE 1989]
Date of Print:
Previous PRM Number:

Accession Number:
Two carvings, one with horn-shaped elongations, tallying the numbers of large animals killed by the person buried beneath, or sometimes the kills of a relative. Graves were commonly grouped together near a settlement (visible in the background). These carvings were understood as a means of honouring the dead but did not have any particular ritual meaning.
Edward Evan Evans-Pritchard
Date of Photo:
1929 March
[Southern Sudan] Warab Tonj
PRM Source:
Edward Evan Evans-Pritchard
Donated 1966
Other Owners:
E. E. Evans-Pritchard Collection
Death , Carving
Grave , Grave Marker , Memorial
Primary Documentation:
PRM Accession Records - Accession Book Entry [p. 98] 1966.27 [1 - 24] G[ift] PROFESSOR E. E. EVANS-PRITCHARD; INST. OF SOCIAL ANTHROPOLOGY, 51 BANBURY RD. OXFORD - 1966.27.19 - S. SUDAN, DARFUNG. VARIOUS TRIBES. Box of negatives in envelopes, [1 - 242] & 1966.27.20 - Box of prints of these negatives [refers to object 1966.27.19] [1 - 242], in envelopes.

Notes on print/mount [mech. printed] - "2 38"

Notes on card mount m/s pencil - "SSS overall fading 8.89"

Other Information:
In "The Bongo" (Sudan Notes and Records Vol.XII Part I 1929 page 37) E. E. Evans-Pritchard notes that 'the Bongo graves are surrounded by carved wooden figures of men and carved posts tallying the number of the larger animals killed by the deceased during his lifetime. The different animals killed may be counted by adding up the different kinds of notches and by the shape of the forked head of the posts.' On page 38 he adds that 'Bongo graves are often collected together in a bunch, like small cemeteries. This is probably far less so than in the old days when homesteads were much larger; but today one may see half-a-dozen graves grouped together, the whole being surmounted from six to twelve posts.' [Chris Morton 15/1/2004] NB this print was originally labelled as another print of [1998.343.16] but seems to be from a different negative (compare light patterns in tree). [Chris Morton 15/1/2004]
Christopher Morton 15/1/2004 [Southern Sudan Project]
Funded by Arts and Humanities Research Council
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