Zande spirit-shrine outside hut

Zande spirit-shrine outside hut
104 x 78 mm | Print gelatin silver
There are records relating to alternative images that we do not have scans for in the database:
1998.341.379.1 - Negative film nitrate , (104 x 78 mm)
Date of Print:
Previous PRM Number:
Previous Other Number:
16 1 (G.3) [frame 9]

Accession Number:
A tuka or spirit shrine in a homestead outside a hut (type known as barumai or dondomo with long eaves almost touching the ground), consisting of a split stick, the ends bound around, and ritual offerings placed within. Fastended to the tuka is a spear and a bundle of reeds or sticks (possibly a consultation of the dakpa oracle), and below grows sarawa (food medicine).
Edward Evan Evans-Pritchard
Date of Photo:
1927 - 1930
[Southern Sudan] Western Equatoria Yambio
PRM Source:
Edward Evan Evans-Pritchard
Donated 1966
Other Owners:
E. E. Evans-Pritchard Collection
Religion , Ritual , Ritual Object , Shelter
Religious Offering , Building House , Shrine
Original catalogue lists in Manuscript Collections. Additional material in related documents files. [CM 27/9/2005]
Primary Documentation:
PRM Accession Records - [1966.27.21] G PROFESSOR E. E. EVANS-PRITCHARD; INST. OF SOCIAL ANTHROPOLOGY, 51 BANBURY RD. OXFORD - S. SUDAN, AZANDE TRIBE. Box of negatives in envelopes. Nos. 1 - 400
Added Accession Book Entry - [In pencil in column] Catalogue room.
[1966.27.23] G PROFESSOR E. E. EVANS-PRITCHARD; INST. OF SOCIAL ANTHROPOLOGY, 51 BANBURY RD. OXFORD - S. SUDAN, AZANDE TRIBE. Box of prints in envelopes, nos. 1 - 400 (prints of negatives in 1966.27.21)

Manual Catalogues [typewritten, entitled "Zande Photographs (E-P)"] - 379. Spirit shrine in centre of homestead. 16/1 (G.3)

Other Information:
In The Azande (OUP, 1971) page 99, E. E. Evans-Pritchard notes that "the ordinary old Mbomu shrine is the tuka, a stake split at the top and with the split sections bound to form a recepticle for offerings." In Witchcraft, Oracles and Magic Among the Azande (OUP 1937, page 441) he also states that 'Medicines which are domesticated are planted around the ghost-shrine, and when a new shrine is erected medicines are often buried at its base and ghosts and medicines are alike addressed to ensure the welfare of the inmates of the homestead. Likewise, when a shrine is erected in an eleusine cultivation medicines are placed around it, and both they and the ghosts are asked to protect the eleusine. The association is here close, but the power of the medicines is not attributable to the ghosts, for the power is in the medicines.'
Christopher Morton 5/11/2003 [Southern Sudan Project]
Funded by Arts and Humanities Research Council
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