Arrow, Burun?

Arrow, Burun?
Other views of this artifact:

Accession Number:
Blue Nile ?Darfung
Cultural Group:
Date Made:
By 1917
Cane Plant , Ebony Wood Plant , Animal Hide Skin
Carved , Notched , Socketed , Bound , Decorated
Total L = 1085; arrowhead L = 213, diam = 8.5; shaft L = 872, diam = 9.5 x 8.5, nock L = 12, upper binding L = 32, lower binding L = 19 mm [RTS 25/5/2005].
31.8 g
Other Owners:
L. Gorringe and Mrs L. Gorringe
Field Collector:
L. Gorringe
PRM Source:
Mrs L. Gorringe
Donated October 1944
Collected Date:
1902 - 1912
Arrow consisting of a dark brown ebony arrowhead (Pantone black 4C) with a narrow body that tapers out slightly along its length before narrowing just slightly at its base. The upper body has been decorated with a row of 3 oblique notches down either side. There are shaving marks visible down the body, which also shows traces of polish. The base of the tang has been fitted into the socketed top of a yellow cane shaft with 6 segments along its length and a slightly oval section (Pantone 7510C). The surface of the shaft is smooth, and it has been bound round with narrow strips of animal hide to prevent the wood splitting on impact; there is one section of binding around the junction of arrowhead and shaft, and a second section just above the nocked butt, which has 2 rectangular notches cut into opposite sides. The binding is grayish brown (Pantone Warm Gray 10C), with some red pigmentation which seems to extend to the surface beneath and may be the result of a material used as a fixative. The arrow is essentially complete, but the very tip of the point is missing, and there is a sliver of wood that has been re-glued in place on the arrowhead body; the rest is in good condition. It has a weight of 31.8 grams and a total length of 1085 mm. The visible area of the arrowhead has a length of 213 mm and a diameter of 8.5 mm, while the wooden shaft is 872 mm long, with a diameter of 9.5 by 8.5 mm and a nock length of 12 mm; the binding is 32 mm long around the upper part, and 19 mm long around the lower end.

Collected by L. Gorringe at some time between 1902 and 1912, possibly from Darfung, and donated to the Pitt Rivers Museum by his wife, Mrs L. Gorringe.

For a group of bows collected by Gorringe, and possibly from the Burun, see 1944.10.28-34; for additional Burun arrows, see 1944.10.34-71.

Rachael Sparks 29/8/2005.

Primary Documentation:
Accession Book Entry [p. 375] - Mrs L. GORRINGE, Rosaries Farm, Ngong, Kenya . Specimens collected by her late husband, Captain L. Gorringe, M.C., in the ANGLO-EGYPTIAN SUDAN between 1902 and 1912. Undocumented. [p. 383] 1944.10.34-71 - [1 of ] Thirty-eight arrows, all of the same type: cane shafts deeply notched, not feathered, the heads ebony spikes tanged into the shaft and tapering to the point. Above the notch, which is almost immediately below a joint in the cane, and at the opposite end where the head is inserted, the shafts are bound with a narrow strip of thin membrane. The ebony heads are round in section and varying in length, the extremes being, from above the shaft binding to the tip, 4 1/4" (with long shaft) and 24 5/8" (with short shaft); all are carved towards the tip end, either with an all-over criss-cross pattern more or less shallowly incised, or with two rows of oblique notches cut alternately on the two sides of the point so as to give it a spiral turn. In a few specimens the shaft is incised in various patterns (owner’s marks?). Lengths varying between 3' 6 3/4" and 3' 1". Same data [Probably the BURUN of DAR FUNG]. (In some specimens the tips of the ebony heads are broken or the shaft bindings loose or missing).
Added Accession Book Entry [p. 382] - A21.F16.17-18 [red biro].

Card Catalogue Entry - There is no further information on the object catalogue cards ['Weapons - offensive - Archery - Arrows' RTS 23/7/2004].

Pitt Rivers Museum label - AFRICA, Sudan. Probably Burun tribe of Darfung. Cane arrow with ebony point. Don. Mrs L. Gorringe. 1944.10.41 [plastic label, tied to object; RTS 25/5/2005].

Written on object - BURUN, DAR FUNG, A.-E. SUDAN. 1944.10.41 [RTS 24/5/2005].

Funded by Arts and Humanities Research Council
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