Arrow, Burun?

Arrow, Burun?
Other views of this artifact:

Accession Number:
Blue Nile ?Darfung
Cultural Group:
Date Made:
By 1912
Cane Plant , Ebony Wood Plant , Animal Hide Skin
Carved , Notched , Socketed , Bound , Decorated
30.0 g
Other Owners:
L. Gorringe and Mrs L. Gorringe
Field Collector:
L. Gorringe
PRM Source:
Mrs L. Gorringe
Donated October 1944
Collected Date:
1902 - 1912
Arrow consisting of a dark brown ebony arrowhead (Pantone black 4C) with pointed tip and narrow body that swells out towards the lower body then narrows again at its base, decorated near the tip with 2 pairs of oblique grooves on either side. This has been fitted into the socketed top of a yellow cane shaft with 6 segments visible along its body and a slightly oval section (Pantone 7510C). The surface has been smoothed and bound round with narrow strips of a fine animal hide to cover the junction of tang and shaft, and again just above the nocked butt, which has 2 rectangular notches cut into opposite sides. This lower binding is slightly loose at its base, and is a mid brown colour with some red staining (Pantone 4705C). The arrow is essentially complete, but has been split at its tip, with further splits down the shaft body and at the butt. It has a weight of 30 grams and a total length of 1070 mm. The visible area of the arrowhead has a length of 162 mm and a diameter of 9 mm, while the wooden shaft is 908 mm long, with a diameter of 8.9 x 8.4 mm and a nock length of 10 mm; the binding is 21 mm long around the upper part, and 22 mm long around the lower end.

Collected by L. Gorringe at some time between 1902 and 1912, possibly from Darfung, and donated to the Pitt Rivers Museum by his wife, Mrs L. Gorringe.

For a group of bows collected by Gorringe, and possibly from the Burun, see 1944.10.28-34; for additional Burun arrows, see 1944.10.34-71.

Rachael Sparks 29/8/2005.

Primary Documentation:
Accession Book Entry [p. 375] - Mrs L. GORRINGE, Rosaries Farm, Ngong, Kenya . Specimens collected by her late husband, Captain L. Gorringe, M.C., in the ANGLO-EGYPTIAN SUDAN between 1902 and 1912. Undocumented. [p. 383] 1944.10.34-71 - [1 of ] Thirty-eight arrows, all of the same type: cane shafts deeply notched, not feathered, the heads ebony spikes tanged into the shaft and tapering to the point. Above the notch, which is almost immediately below a joint in the cane, and at the opposite end where the head is inserted, the shafts are bound with a narrow strip of thin membrane. The ebony heads are round in section and varying in length, the extremes being, from above the shaft binding to the tip, 4 1/4" (with long shaft) and 24 5/8" (with short shaft); all are carved towards the tip end, either with an all-over criss-cross pattern more or less shallowly incised, or with two rows of oblique notches cut alternately on the two sides of the point so as to give it a spiral turn. In a few specimens the shaft is incised in various patterns (owner’s marks?). Lengths varying between 3' 6 3/4" and 3' 1". Same data [Probably the BURUN of DAR FUNG]. (In some specimens the tips of the ebony heads are broken or the shaft bindings loose or missing).
Added Accession Book Entry [p. 382] - A21.F16.17-18 [red biro].

Card Catalogue Entry - There is no further information on the object catalogue cards ['Weapons - offensive - Archery - Arrows' RTS 23/7/2004].

Pitt Rivers Museum label - AFRICA, Sudan. Probably Burun tribe of Darfung. Cane arrow with ebony point. Don. Mrs L. Gorringe. 1944.10.36 [plastic label, tied to object; RTS 24/5/2005].

Written on object - BURUN tribe, DAR FUNG, A.-E. SUDAN. d.d. Mrs L. Gorringe. 1944.10.36 [RTS 24/5/2005].

Funded by Arts and Humanities Research Council
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