Anuak trumpet

Anuak trumpet
Other views of this artifact:

Accession Number:
[Southern Sudan]
Cultural Group:
Anywaa [Anuak]
Date Made:
By 1936
Animal Horn , Antelope Horn Animal
Carved , Hollowed , Perforated
L = 270; diam proximal end = 9; embouchure L = 23, W = 8; bell mouth = 47.5 x 35.2, mouth interior = 44 x 33 mm; L from proximal end to edge embouchure = 45 mm [RTS 7/9/2005].
93.5 g
Local Name:
Other Owners:
Presumably collected by Evans-Pritchard during his period of fieldwork amongst the Anuak between early March and May 1935 [RTS 18/6/2004].
Field Collector:
Edward Evan Evans-Pritchard
PRM Source:
Edward Evan Evans-Pritchard
Donated 1936
Collected Date:
March - May 1935
Small side-blown trumpet, carved out from a piece of antelope horn and hollowed out. This has been cut flat at the proximal end, which is solid; the body tapers out from this point and becomes more oval in section, curving to follow the natural shape of the horn. A large rectangular embouchure has been cut into the convex upper surface. The body continues to expand beyond this point, twisting slightly and with increasingly marked naturally ribbing towards the distal end. The bell mouth is roughly oval in shape. The horn is a dark grayish brown colour (Pantone 7533C), and is complete and intact, with a weight of 93.5 grams and a length of 270 mm. The proximal end has a diameter of 9 mm; the embouchure is 23 mm long and 8 mm wide, and the bell mouth exterior measures 47.5 by 35.2 mm, with an internal opening of 44 by 33 mm. The length from closed proximal end to the edge of the embouchure is 45 mm .

Evans-Pritchard conducted his fieldwork amongst the Anuak between early March and May 1935 (E.E. Evans-Pritchard, 1940, The Political System of the Anuak of the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan, p. 3).

This type of trumpet is known as
tung, and was used for hunting, signalling, and escorting persons of high rank. For a similar Anuak trumpet, see 1936.10.78, and Lotuko example 1934.8.88.

Rachael Sparks 19/9/2005.

Primary Documentation:
Accession Book Entry [p. 410] - 1936 [insert] 10 [end insert] E. EVANS-PRITCHARD, M.A., Exeter College, Oxford. - Specimens collected by himself in the EASTERN SUDAN, while travelling with a Grant from the Rockefeller Leverhulme Trustees, viz: [p. 416] [insert] 77-78 [end insert] - [One of] 2 Small side-blast trumpets of Kob's horns, tung , for hunting & signalling, or for escorting persons of high rank, ANUAK.
Additional accession book entry [p. 415] - 1936.10.77 Number given HLR. L[ength] 30 cms.

Card Catalogue Entry - EASTERN SUDAN Small side-blast trumpet of Kob's horn, tung , for hunting and signalling, or for escorting persons of high rank. Embouchure on convex side. With small rectangular embouchure near tip. Point cut off and flattened but no thumb hole. (JM)

Pitt Rivers Museum label - Tung , kob's horn trumpet, for hunting & signalling. ANUAK, E. SUDAN. d.d. E. Evans-Pritchard, 1936 [rectangular paper label, stuck to surface of object; RTS 7/9/2005].

Funded by Arts and Humanities Research Council
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