Other views of this artifact:

Accession Number:
[Southern Sudan]
Cultural Group:
?Dinka ?Shilluk ?Jur ?Bongo
Date Made:
?Before 1865
Iron Metal
L = 108 mm, W = 85.5 mm, Th = 7.5 mm [RTS 22/3/2004].
92.1 g
Other Owners:
Collected in Sudan by John Petherick, sometime between 1853 and 1859, or 1861 to 1865. Subsequently acquired by Pitt Rivers by 1868, perhaps via auction, as Petherick is known to have sold some of his collection through Mr Bullock of High Holborn, London
Field Collector:
John Petherick
PRM Source:
Augustus Henry Lane Fox Pitt Rivers founding collection
Donated 1884
Collected Date:
1853 - 1859 or 1861 - 1865
Narrow anklet made from an iron rod, slightly oval in section, that tapers slightly to one end. This has been bent into an oval loop with wide open ends, 31 mm apart. There are several fine oblique tool marks across the surface and also across both flat ends, possibly indicating use of a file; the surface has been polished. Complete and intact, with the metal in good condition and currently a silver gray colour (Pantone 421C). Length across anklet 108 mm, width across anklet 85.5 mm, maximum diameter of rod 7.5 x 7.3 mm, and weight 92.1 grams.

Subsequently acquired by Pitt Rivers, perhaps via auction. Petherick is known to have auctioned some of his collection through Mr Bullock of High Holborn, London, on 27th June 1862 (see the
Catalogue of the very interesting collection of arms and implements of war, husbandry, and the chase, and articles of costume and domestic use, procured during several expeditions up the White Nile, Bahr-il-Gazal, and among the various tribes of the country, to the cannibal Neam Nam territory on the Equator, by John Petherick, Esq., H.M. Consul, Khartoum, Soudan ); he also had a second auction at a later date. Pitt Rivers sent this object to Bethnal Green Museum for display, as part of the first batch of objects sent there, probably in 1874. This object was later displayed in the South Kensington Museum, and transferred from there to become part of the founding collection of the Pitt Rivers Museum in 1884.

A similar type of object, but described as a Djibba woman's bracelet, was published by Wood (J.G. Wood, 1868,
The Natural History of Man Volume I, pp. 521-2). The object illustrated formed part of Wood’s own collection.

Rachael Sparks 30/9/2005.

Primary Documentation:
Accession Book V entry [p. 1] - [insert] 1884.82 [end insert] PERSONAL ORNAMENTS (contd from Vol. IV) METAL BANGLES, BRACELETS, ANKLETS [insert] 25-28 [end insert] - [1 of] 4 Penannular iron anklets: DINKA, SHILLUK, + JUR. Petherick coll. (106) (1619 black).
Additional Accession Book V Entry [p. opposite 1] - 1884.82.28 is PR 104
not 106/1619 (RTS 2/4/2004).
Collectors Miscellaneous XI Accession Book entry [p. 193] - PETHERICK, Consul [p. 195] [insert] 1884.82.25-28 [end insert]. 4 penannular iron bangles. SHILLUK, DINKA, JUR. (P.R. 106/ 1619) [should be PR 104, see below, RTS 2/4/2004].
Black book entry [p. 67] - 1620. Iron neck collars and bracelets (8) Dor, Mundo, Dinka, Nouer and Schillook tribes, Africa. p. 110. [insert] 1884.78.28-32 & coupl[e] new entries.
Added Black book entry [p. 67a] - Iron and bronze penannular knob ended bracelets, Indian in form are found in Africa having been made and introduced for trade purposes by Birmingham firms.
Delivery Catalogue II entry [p. 300] - Personal Ornaments of various Nations [p. 305] [insert] 1884.78.28-32 + new entry [end insert] 8 iron neck collars and bracelets d[itt]o [Dor tribe, Central Africa] 1620. Case 74, 345.
Card Catalogue Entry - There is no further information on the catalogue card [RTS 9/3/2004].
Old Pitt Rivers Museum label -
4 penannular iron anklets. DINKA, JUR, SHILLUK. Petherick coll. P.R. coll (1619)(106) [small jewellers tag, stored in RDF and associated with 1884.82.25-28; RTS 19/5/2005]
New Pitt Rivers Museum label - AFRICA, SUDAN Dinka, Shilluk or Jur Iron anklet Collected by J. Petherick Pitt Rivers Founding Coll. 1884.82.28 [LM 'DCF 2004-2006 What's Upstairs?' 12/10/2005]
Written on object - CENTRAL AFRICA, PETHERICK 104 [faded ink, RTS 22/3/2004].

Display History:
Displayed in the Bethnal Green and South Kensington Museums (V&A) [AP].

Funded by Arts and Humanities Research Council
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