Building clay wall of Zande hut

Building clay wall of Zande hut
64 x 41 mm | Negative film nitrate
There are records relating to alternative images that we do not have scans for in the database:
1998.341.439.2 - Print gelatin silver , (61 x 40 mm)
Date of Print:
Previous PRM Number:
Previous Other Number:
29 2

Accession Number:
Two men building up the clay inner wall of the common hut type known as gbuguru or gbasendeyo, working on the section over the entrance to the hut. This image shows how the walls are made, with relatively thin strips built up in layers by hand.
Edward Evan Evans-Pritchard
Date of Photo:
1927 - 1930
[Southern Sudan] Western Equatoria Yambio
PRM Source:
Edward Evan Evans-Pritchard
Donated 1966
Other Owners:
E. E. Evans-Pritchard Collection
Building House
Original catalogue lists in Manuscript Collections. Additional material in related documents files. [CM 27/9/2005]
Primary Documentation:
PRM Accession Records - [1966.27.21] G PROFESSOR E. E. EVANS-PRITCHARD; INST. OF SOCIAL ANTHROPOLOGY, 51 BANBURY RD. OXFORD - S. SUDAN, AZANDE TRIBE. Box of negatives in envelopes. Nos. 1 - 400
Added Accession Book Entry - [In pencil in column] Catalogue room.
[1966.27.23] G PROFESSOR E. E. EVANS-PRITCHARD; INST. OF SOCIAL ANTHROPOLOGY, 51 BANBURY RD. OXFORD - S. SUDAN, AZANDE TRIBE. Box of prints in envelopes, nos. 1 - 400 (prints of negatives in 1966.27.21)

Manual Catalogues [typewritten, entitled "Zande Photographs (E-P)"] - 439. Hut building (Shows method of constructing walls) (Small size) 29/2

Other Information:
In The Azande (OUP, 1971), page 89, E. E. Evans-Pritchard notes that 'the old Mbomu walled dwelling hut, which is still the most usual habitation in Gbudwe's old kingdom, the gbuguru or gbasendeyo, is a hut with solid mud walls-the only wood used in them being the lintels-but lacking a clay foundation. My informants added that, compared with today, there were very few of these well-made huts in past times.' In Witchcraft, Oracles and Magic Among the Azande (OUP 1937, page 376) E. E. Evans-Pritchard notes that 'Azande say that the kind of hut which is built with mud walls unsupported by stakes acts as an omen. These huts are the most difficult kind to build and the walls sometimes collapse. This is a bad omen for the welfare of its owner, especially if it be the first hut to be built in a new homestead, for they say, 'The first hut in a homestead site tells people about the future.'
Christopher Morton 11/11/2003 [Southern Sudan Project]
Funded by Arts and Humanities Research Council
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